Let's begin learning Spanish with a few easy Spanish vocabulary words.
If you'd rather learn these words as part of a dialog, you can go on to the next lesson.
We suggest the best way to start is to try and memorize these words and their translations. You can also quiz yourself and practice using the online quiz (which is like interactive flash cards) or the game.
|bueno (m.) / buena (f.)||good|
|un día||a day|
|buenos días||good day / hello|
|este (m.) / esta (f.)||this|
|hermoso (m.) / hermosa (f.)||beautiful|
|una casa||a house|
|hay||there is / there are|
|un gato||a cat|
|el (m. sing.) / la (f. sing.) / los (m. pl.) / las (f. pl.)||the|
|una mesa||a table|
|pues||well, um, then|
|un perro||a dog|
|un escritorio||a desk|
|voy||I go / I'm going|
|mi (sing.) / mis (pl.)||my|
|un hotel||a hotel|
|eso (m.) / esa (f.)||that|
|es (3rd person singular)||is|
|buen (before masc. sing. noun)||good|
Spanish nouns have a gender: each one is either masculine or feminine. In the list above, you can check if the noun is preceded by un for masculine or una for feminine. For example, "un día" indicates that día is a masculine noun.
Adjectives also have genders, however each one has both a masculine form and a feminine form, though sometimes they are the same. For example, in the above list where it says "bueno (m.) / buena (f.)", this shows that with a masculine noun, "bueno" should be used, whereas with feminine nouns, "buena" would be the form that is used.
Usually adjectives in Spanish follow the noun, for example "un gato grande" for "a big cat". However, bueno and certain others often come before the noun they are describing. When bueno precedes the noun, it changes to buen, dropping the final o. So, it would be "un buen día" for "a good day", but "una buena casa" for "a good house".
Adjectives also have a plural form, usually formed by adding s at the end, when used before plural nouns, for example "buenas casas" for "good houses". Similarly with "eso" and "esa", so "esas casas" for "those houses".
Similarly, "el (m. sing.) / la (f. sing.) / los (m. pl.) / las (f. pl.)" for "the" also has masculine, feminine, singular, and plural forms, matching the noun described.
And "mi (sing.) / mis (pl.)" for "my" has singular and plural forms, but there is no distinction between masculine and feminine, so "mi casa" for "my house" and "mi perro" for "my dog", and "mis escuelas y mis gatos" for "my schools and my cats".
With masuline nouns, "a" before "el" contracts to become "al". So it would be "a la casa" for "to the house", but "al hotel" for "to the hotel". Similarly with "de" becoming "del", so "del escritorio" for "of the desk".
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